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Title: Polysaccharide hydrogels for the protection of dairy-related microorganisms in adverse environmental conditions
Authors: Neresyan, T.
Нересян, Т.
Gatina, Y. S.
Гатина, Ю. С.
Kulikova, I. K.
Куликова, И. К.
Lodygin, A. D.
Лодыгин, А. Д.
Keywords: Dairy products;Encapsulation;Hydrogels;Lactic acid bacteria;Lactose-fermenting yeasts;Polysaccharides;Probiotics
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Črnivec, I. G. O., Neresyan, T., Gatina, Y., Bučar V. K., Skrt M., Dogša I., Matijašić B. B., Kulikova, I., Lodygin, A., Ulrih, N.P. Polysaccharide hydrogels for the protection of dairy-related microorganisms in adverse environmental conditions // Molecules. - 2021. - Том 26. - Выпуск 24. - Номер статьи 7484. - DOI10.3390/molecules26247484
Series/Report no.: Molecules
Abstract: Adverse environmental conditions are severely limiting the use of microorganisms in food systems, such as probiotic delivery, where low pH causes a rapid decrease in the survival of ingested bacteria, and mixed-culture fermentation, where stepwise changes and/or metabolites of individual microbial groups can hinder overall growth and production. In our study, model probiotic lactic acid bacteria (L. plantarum ATCC 8014, L. rhamnosus GG) and yeasts native to dairy mixed cultures (K. marxianus ZIM 1868) were entrapped in an optimized (cell, alginate and hardening solution concentration, electrostatic working parameters) Ca-alginate system. Encapsulated cultures were examined for short-term survival in the absence of nutrients (lactic acid bacteria) and longterm performance in acidified conditions (yeasts). In particular, the use of encapsulated yeasts in these conditions has not been previously examined. Electrostatic manufacturing allowed for the preparation of well-defined alginate microbeads (180–260 µm diameter), high cell-entrapment (95%) and viability (90%), and uniform distribution of the encapsulated cells throughout the hydrogel matrix. The entrapped L. plantarum maintained improved viabilities during 180 min at pH 2.0 (19% higher when compared to the free culture), whereas, L. rhamnosus appeared to be less robust. The encapsulated K. marxianus exhibited double product yields in lactose-and lactic acid-modified MRS growth media (compared to an unfavorable growth environment for freely suspended cells). Even within a conventional encapsulation system, the pH responsive features of alginate provided superior protection and production of encapsulated yeasts, allowing several applications in lacto-fermented or acidified growth environments, further options for process optimization, and novel carrier design strategies based on inhibitor charge expulsion.
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