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Title: Study of the Magnesium Comenate Structure, Its Neuroprotective and Stress-Protective Activity
Authors: Aksenov, N. A.
Аксенов, Н. А.
Keywords: Neuritic growth;Neuroprotectors;Comenic acid;Excitotoxicity;Immobilization stress;Magnesium ions;Antioxidants;Magnesium complex compounds
Issue Date: 2023
Citation: Kozin, S., Kravtsov, A., Ivashchenko, L., Dotsenko, V., Vasilyeva, L., Vasilyev, A., Tekutskaya, E., Aksenov, N., Baryshev, M., Dorohova, A., Fedulova, L., Dzhimak, S. Study of the Magnesium Comenate Structure, Its Neuroprotective and Stress-Protective Activity // International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - 2023. - 24(9), art. no. 8046. - DOI: 10.3390/ijms24098046
Series/Report no.: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Abstract: The crystal structure and the biological activity of a new coordination compound of magnesium ions with comenic acid, magnesium comenate, was characterized and studied. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the compound was investigated in detail using elemental X-ray fluorescent analysis, thermal analysis, IR-Fourier spectrometry, UV spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Based on experimental analytical data, the empirical formula of magnesium comenate [Mg(HCom)2(H2O)6]•2H2O was established. This complex compound crystallizes with eight water molecules, six of which are the hydration shell of the Mg2+ cation, and two more molecules bind the [Mg(H2O)6]2+ aquacation with ionized ligand molecules by intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The packing of molecules in the crystal lattice is stabilized by a branched system of hydrogen bonds with the participation of solvate water molecules and oxygen atoms of various functional groups of ionized ligand molecules. With regard to the biological activity of magnesium comenate, a neuroprotective, stress-protective, and antioxidant effect was established in in vitro and in vivo models. In in vitro experiments, magnesium comenate protected cerebellar neurons from the toxic effects of glutamate and contributed to the preservation of neurite growth parameters under oxidative stress caused by hydrogen peroxide. In animal studies, magnesium comenate had a stress-protective and antioxidant effect in models of immobilization–cold stress. Oral administration of magnesium comenate at a dose of 2 mg/kg of animal body weight for 3 days before stress exposure and for 3 days during the stress period led to a decrease in oxidative damage and normalization of the antioxidant system of brain tissues against the background of induced stress. The obtained results indicate the advisability of further studies of magnesium comenate as a compound potentially applicable in medicine for the pharmacological correction of conditions associated with oxidative and excitotoxic damage to nerve cells.
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