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Title: Strategic management in universities as a factor of their global competitiveness
Authors: Parakhina, V. N.
Парахина, В. Н.
Godina, O. V.
Година, О. В.
Boris, O. A.
Борис, О. А.
Ushvitsky, L. I.
Ушвицкий, Л. И.
Keywords: University strategy;Strategic change;University management;Strategic management;Strategic planning
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Parakhina, V; Godina, O; Boris, O; Ushvitsky, L . Strategic management in universities as a factor of their global competitiveness // INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT. - 2017. - Том 31. - Выпуск 1. - Специальный выпуск SI. - Стр.: 62-75
Abstract: Purpose - Modernization of Russian higher education is carried out with the purpose of its successful integration into the global educational environment. However, the contemporary management model of most Russian universities demonstrates a low efficiency level. The purpose of this paper is to identify the problems of organizing the universities' strategic development and to seek the opportunities to achieve strategic competitiveness of Russian universities. Design/methodology/approach - The basic research methods included the following: content analysis, expert evaluations, analysis of the modern concepts of universities strategic management, comparative analysis of high school practice of strategy development, and government regulations in historical perspective. Findings - The major result of the study is the conclusion that the most important problem of the competitiveness of Russian universities is the lack of strategic flexibility. We can say that there is a structural nature of the management crisis affecting the whole system of university education. Over the past 25 years, there has been a radical change in the basic institutional conditions for the development of higher education institutions in Russia: the volumes and changed model of financing; the market landscape and the regional environment; the conditions and the nature of the interaction with international partners, etc. At the same time, in most cases, the platform of this system and standards of internal policy have remained unchanged. Russian education practically lost its individuality. This paper shows the experience of strategic management at leading federal and regional universities of Russia, analyzes the implementation of their development programs, and gives examples of best practices in the use of strategic planning tools. Originality/value - The relevance and value of the paper is the following: for the first time, thorough attention has been paid to the accumulated potential of Russian universities, which has been formed over a long evolutionary path and now can be positioned as an important management resource in the organization of strategic management for enhancing the global competitiveness of the national system of higher education.
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