Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.ncfu.ru/handle/20.500.12258/26457
Title: “...THE TIME HAS COME TO PUT AN END TO THE ARMENIAN ISSUE ONCE AND FOR ALL”: THE PROBLEM OF THE ARMENIAN VILAYETS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA IN 1894–1912
Other Titles: «...НАСТАЛО ВРЕМЯ РАЗ И НАВСЕГДА ПОКОНЧИТЬ С АРМЯНСКИМ ВОПРОСОМ»: ПРОБЛЕМА АРМЯНСКИХ ВИЛАЙЕТОВ ОСМАНСКОЙ ИМПЕРИИ В МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ПОВЕСТКЕ В 1894–1912 ГОДАХ
Authors: Ambartsumyan, K. R.
Амбарцумян, К. Р.
Velichko, L. N.
Величко, Л. Н.
Keywords: Russia;“Armenian issue”;Eastern policy;Great Britain;Diplomatic struggle;Ottoman Porte;Reforms of the Armenian vilayets
Issue Date: 2023
Citation: Ambartsumyan, K.R., Velichko, L.N. “...THE TIME HAS COME TO PUT AN END TO THE ARMENIAN ISSUE ONCE AND FOR ALL”: THE PROBLEM OF THE ARMENIAN VILAYETS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA IN 1894–1912 // Vestnik Volgogradskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Seriia 4: Istoriia, Regionovedenie, Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniia. - 2023. - 28 (5). - pp. 127-136. - DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu4.2023.5.10
Series/Report no.: Vestnik Volgogradskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Seriia 4: Istoriia, Regionovedenie, Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniia
Abstract: The interest in the “Armenian issue” is linked to the current international agenda and the impact of significant historical events on it, such as the genocide of 1915. Methods and materials. The interdisciplinary principle determines the use of traditional historical approaches (historical-genetic and historical-comparative) and international relations theories (defensive realism) simultaneously. The sources contain the published documents and publicism, as well as the archival documents of the Archives of Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire and the State Archives of the Russian Federation. Analysis. Starting with the signing of the Berlin Treaty and the introduction of an article into it obliging Ottoman Porte to reform the management of the Armenian population, the inclusion of the “Armenian issue” in the foreign policy agenda of European states began. At the same time, the responsibility for the reforms carried out by the Ottomans was collective, and the leadership of Russia in this matter was considered impossible. Collectivity was the reason for the erosion of responsibility; the Sultan was not actually made to reform. With the beginning of the “Hamid pogroms” in 1894, the “Armenian issue” threatened the balanced position of the powers in relation to the Ottoman Empire and actualized the issue of the Ottoman Porte’s responsibility for reforms in the Armenian vilayets. Obviously, Russia could be the most effective. France, Germany, and Italy initially did not plunge into this problem; in Asian Turkey, the main actors were still Great Britain and Russia. Results. Neither England nor Russia dared to act decisively, but they did not want to give in to each other either. For the British, control of the straits and the dominance of Russia in the Middle East were unacceptable. On the other hand, Russia was afraid to create a “second Bulgaria” near the Caucasian border. Therefore, the “Armenian issue”, complicated by rivalry, went through a cycle on the international agenda, as a result of which Russia returned to dominance in its solution after 1908. The contribution of the authors to the writing of the article is related to the research by L.N. Velichko on European and Ottoman Porte’s policy in resolving the “Armenian issue”, K.R. Ambartsumyan has dealt with the evolution of Russia’s position and explored the factors that influenced its change.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12258/26457
Appears in Collections:Статьи, проиндексированные в SCOPUS, WOS

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